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Ethical and environmental trading policies

1.0 Animal Testing Policy
  • Debenhams will not accept any products, which were tested on animals after 1st January 1998.
  • Debenhams will not accept any products, which contain any ingredients or combination of ingredients, which were tested on animals after 1st January 1998.
  • Any ingredient, which was tested on animals before 1st January 1998, must not have been re-tested on animals since 1st January 1998.
  • Suppliers must provide evidence to substantiate this and the base set data must be sent to Debenhams.
2.0 Genetically modified organisms (GMO) policy
  • All Debenhams products must be GM free.
  • This means that the ingredients do not contain any protein or DNA derived from a genetically modified source. This applies to food and non-food products.
  • Suppliers of food products to Debenhams must complete the Food and Drink Product Specification.
  • Upon request, non-food product suppliers may be required to confirm compliance with this policy in writing.
3.0 Leather, hides and furs policy
  • All hides used in the production of Debenhams merchandise must be a by-product of the food industry and suppliers must produce and maintain evidence to illustrate this.
  • Debenhams supports the humane treatment of all animals used in the production of leather. This includes transportation to abattoirs and quick and efficient slaying.
  • Debenhams does not permit the use of any fur, or any skins of snake, crocodile, alligator or any species specified in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in any of our own bought products.
4.0 Renewable timber sources policy
  • Debenhams will only accept timber and timber products from sustainable and well-managed sources.
  • By timber products Debenhams means all timber-inclusive or timber-derived products including fibreboard, wood pulp, paper, cellulose, charcoal etc.
4.1 Verification of well-managed forests
  • This procedure will include:
    • forest certification to standards which are internationally recognised and supported by environmental organisations.
    • ''chain of custody'' certification.
  • ''Chain of custody'' certification is the independent auditing of every stage through which the timber passes, i.e. from forest to distributor. This confirms that the wood materials used to make a product come from forests which have been certified as ''well-managed'' The chain of custody certificate for a book would be a statement of authenticity, which might cover the following stages:
    • Forest source
    • Logging process
    • Sawmill
    • Pulping process
    • Paper manufacturing process
    • Printing process
    • Distribution
4.2 Verification of recycled products
  • Suppliers must produce and maintain evidence to illustrate the original composition of the material, the percentage recycled and the sources.
5.0 Safer chemicals
  • This policy covers all Debenhams own bought merchandise, packaging and merchandising aids and all these items must comply with the relevant regulations.
  • Debenhams will implement any change in the law or recommend the use of safer alternatives if they become readily available.
  • Some chemicals are already banned by Debenhams in own bought products and this classification will not change.
  • Debenhams will discuss the Safer Chemicals Policy with branded suppliers and concessions and encourage them to adopt it.
5.1 Details of Chemicals which are Not Permitted by Debenhams

5.1.1 Azo dyes
  • The use of Azo dyes is not permitted in Debenhams own bought products.
  • Azo dyes can be used in a number of products e.g. clothing, bedding, towels, hairpieces, hats, nappies, sanitary items, footwear, gloves, wristwatch straps, bags, textiles, leather, toys and carpets.
  • There are 23 azo dyes of concern. These are listed below:
    • Biphenyl-4-ylamine 4-aminobiphenyl xenylamine
    • Benzidine
    • 4-chloro-o-toluidine
    • 2-naphthylamine
    • o-aminoazotoluene 4-amino-2',3-dimethylazobenzene 4-o-tolyazo-o- toluidine
    • 5-nitro-o-toluidine
    • 4-chloroaniline
    • 4-methoxy-m-phenylenediamine
    • 4,4'methlenedianiline 4-4'-diaminodiphenylmethane
    • 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine 3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'ylenediamine
    • 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine o-dianisidine
    • 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine 4,4'-bi-o-toluidine
    • 4,4'-methylenedi-o-toluidine
    • 6-methoxy-m-toluidine p-cresidine
    • 4,4'-methylene-bis(2-chloroaniline) 2,2'-dichloro-4,4'methylene dianiline
    • 4,4'-oxydianiline
    • 4,4'-thiodianiline
    • o-toluidine 2-aminotoluene
    • 4-methyl-m-phenylenediamine
    • 2,4,5-trimethylaniline
    • o-anisidine 2-methoxyaniline
    • 4-aminoazobenzene
    • Navy Blue 018112 (ELINCS No.405-665-4)
5.1.2 Artificial musks

The use of real or nitro and polycyclic artificial musks is not permitted in Debenhams own brought products.
  • Artificial musks are fragrances used in laundry detergents, perfumes, toilet cleaners, shaving foam, washing up liquid and cosmetics.
  • There are three main groups of artificial musks.
    • nitro
    • polycyclic
    • macrocyclic
  • The use of Macrocyclic musks is under review.
5.1.3 Phthalates

All Debenhams own bought merchandise must be phthalate free which means the total amount of plasticisers in any product must not exceed 0.1% by weight
  • Phthalates are plasticisers that are used to soften PVC.
  • They can be found in goods such as computers, paints, printing inks, adhesives, cosmetics, footwear, stationary, clothing and toys.
  • There are six phthalate plasticisers of concern these are:
    • di-isononyl phthalate (DINP)
    • bis (2-ethylhexl) phthalate (DEHP)
    • di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP)
    • di-isodecyl phthalate (DIDP)
    • butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP)
    • di-butyl phthalate (DBP)
The method of analysis is detailed in Phthalate Content Test Method.

5.1.4 Heavy Metals Levels

The level of heavy metals has been phased out in the Packaging Waste Regulations (SI 1998 1165). The total content of each of the following heavy metals in all packaging waste must not exceed 100ppm.
  • Cadmium
  • Hexavalent Chromium
  • Lead
  • Mercury Nickel
  • All Childrenswear components must be 'nickel free' and must contain no more than 0.01% nickel (100ppm). Test Requirement: BS EN 1810:1998.
  • Any metal or metal coated item which is in direct or prolonged contact with the skin must conform to the Nickel Directive (76/769/EEC) 2000. In addition to complying with the Nickel Directive all Childrenswear Components must comply to 0.05%Ni (by weight) 100pm in any component part.
6.0 Conflict Diamonds

It is the Suppliers responsibility to guarantee that all diamonds used for Debenhams products are conflict free:
  • Rough Diamonds sourced for Debenhams production must have been procured and certified in compliance with the Kimberley Process.
  • Finished diamonds sourced for Debenhams production must have been purchased from legitimate sources not involved in funding conflict, in compliance with United Nations resolutions and the supplier must hold on file warranties confirming the conflict free status of gems used for Debenhams production for 3 years from point of discontinuation.